Sunday, May 31, 2020

Connection between drug trafficking and terrorism - 1375 Words

Connection between drug trafficking and terrorism (Research Paper Sample) Content: Connection between drug trafficking and terrorismNameInstructorDateOrganized crime around the world is fast emerging as a major issue as far as security and development aspects are concerned. The illegal business of drug trafficking has taken centre-stage as a problem to most nations. In fact, it has reached such heights that it is capable of influencing financial flows globally, affect domestic economies as well as contribute to political volatility. In addition, traffic in drugs has emerged a significant source of friction between what are referred to as consumer and producer countries. It has effects for national security plus international harmony. Nevertheless, for many, a growth which has contributed immensely to drug trafficking concerns is the emerging links between drug traffickers and different sorts of insurgent organizations. On its part, terrorism can be seen as the definitive form of organized crime. Indeed, it incorporates virtually all sorts of crimina lity. Worryingly, terrorism tends to have political implications. A major telling difference between ordinary and organized crime is that the latter seeks bring about ideological or political changes though use of violent means. This means that they are often operated like an army and insurgent organizations need what can be referred to as three Ms (munitions, men and money). On the whole, traffic of drugs plus terrorism represent a world on itself. On the face of it, the two (terrorism and drug trafficking) are totally different forms of organized crime. However, a closer look would reveal a symbiotic association and the two over and over again exist in combination. It is this conjunction which has been viewed as more frightening leading to emergence of a catchphrase narcoterrorism. In the beginning, the guerillas and the terrorists may have been mortal foes of drug traders and producers. Indeed, on an ideological stage, the revolutionaries not only opposed any kind or association with drugs but also punished those who violated the rule. Over time, however, the production plus smuggling of drugs was practiced by both groups including national-separatist. As mentioned earlier, operation of terrorist groups requires munitions, men plus money. The need for both munitions and men is evident. Money, nonetheless, has various uses apart from providing for the remaining two elements. A strong link between drug trafficking and terrorism emerges, and depending on the form of a terrorist organization money may provide for an entire infrastructure of support including the so-called humanitarian relief such as assisting the relatives of suicide bombers. Worth noting is that terrorists unrelenting need for large money amounts is met in part through fundraising using legal and illegal means. Insurgent organizations are known to welcome voluntary donations from sympathizers including state sponsorship. Worth noting is that some of these voluntary donations are directly rel ated to drug trafficking activities. In essence, state and individual sponsors engage in trafficking of drugs and hide their dirty in terrorism for benefits such as protection. Insurgent groups have been known to liaise with drug traffickers for mutual benefits including protection.Nevertheless, most money meant for insurgency is accumulated via illegal means including drug trafficking and other serious crimes. Some terrorist organizations have been found to carry out fundraising campaigns in which they embark on illegal forms of extortion. Some of such activities include the prevalent extortion of money from community members and others. However, insurgents are also known for their leniency in extorting funds from drug traffickers. In essence, they allow traffickers of drugs to operate their illegal business given that they share a considerable amount of their profit. Worth noting is that at present, the illegal drugs trade remains one of the worlds profitable forms of organized c rime. In fact, it is quite profitable that even insurgent groups find it difficult to ignore. Terrorist organizations and drug trafficking cartels are groups which are well organized and have the required manpower, influence as well as means to undertake their rogue activities as well as pay criminals to act on their part. All in all, the two are quite linked to one another and their success is to some part dependent on each other. A closer look at some of the well-known features of most insurgent organizations reveals why they are well-placed to take advantage of drug trafficking as a source of income. In general, a bonus for criminals is that terrorist organizations are not a direct participant on the drug trafficking market. An addition bonus for them is that insurgents are quite security conscious, and therefore leaving little or no room for potential police action in recruiting informants. One can conclude that for drug traffickers, insurgent groups represent trustful associat es to deal with. In fact, insurgents offer drug traffickers a trafficking network provided that they give them funds. As an example, the ultimate link between insurgency and drug trafficking may be found in South America. A terrorist referred to as FARC is virtually dependent on funds accumulated from the export and or production of cocaine. Some studies have pointed out that various insurgent organizations deliver illegal drugs in exchange for munitions. Often, terrorist organizations find it difficult to acquire weapons and know that using drug trafficking networks they can manage to cheat their way. Nevertheless, terrorist activities of this group are approximated to extend virtually the entire of Colombia. In this regard, other regions around the world have also emerged as areas of concern including Central Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Interestingly, most of insurgent groups (such as Afghanistans Sunni Taliban and Lebanons extreme Shiite organizations) from these regions te nd to maintain that consumption of drugs is illegal, but fail to forbid the production plus trade of drugs. This offers a leeway for persons engaging in drug trafficking. Indeed, the users of drugs are often severely punished but producers or sellers are hailed. Altogether, terrorist organizations do not denounce trafficking of drugs and at time seem to encourage the practice through offering a proper ground for such activities to be carried out. In history, Afghanistan has been cited as a major supply of heroin all over the globe. This can illustrate a clear relationship between insurgency (rampant in the country) and drug trafficking. In recent times, Sunni extremists and Al-Qaida insurgents have been linked to drug trafficking in a number of investigations. The FBI (Federal Board of Investigators) has observed characteristics of the Taliban trading illegal drugs into America and other parts of the world. indeed, joint efforts from FBI and other stakeholders has contributed to the arrests of several Pakistani and Afghan subjects over involvement in drug ring which is possibly linked to insurgent groups. Studies have determined that heroin (and other types of drugs) grown and processed in Pakistan and Afghanistan has been shipped to America, and profits laundered via Pakistani and Afghan owned businesses. In turn, the funds have been sent back to strengthen terrorist groups. On the whole, various insurgent groups across the world have been identified to...

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Egyptian Inventions Ancient Egypt - 1151 Words

Egyptian Inventions Many distinguished inventions originated from ancient Egypt. Remarkable contraptions and devices have shaped the Earth and they all have a history. The past builds on to the future and the outcome is not predictable. In ancient Egypt, life was very complex and there were difficult problems that they needed to solve. Therefore, a countless number of inventions were projected. Some successful ones commenced from ancient civilizations in Africa. The Egyptians had many important inventions pertaining to paper and writing, time telling, and agriculture. Today, there are many forms of writing along with different languages. The idea of writing came about when spoken language was not enough to answer every question or settle every conflict. The Egyptians started with hieroglyphs at around 3300 to 3200 BC. According to â€Å"history-world.org†, â€Å"Archealogical discoveries suggest that Egyptian hieroglyphs may be the oldest form of writing.† The hieroglyphic system had about 700 basic symbols, or glyphs. They did not use punctuation or spaces and they wrote in long lines left to right, up to down. The glyphs were divided into two groups; phonograms and ideograms. Phonograms represented single or multiple consonants. Ideograms, however, stood for ideas or objects. The construction or phrasing was usually a phonogram followed by an ideogram. The Sumerians used clay tablets to write their pictograms and cuneiform on, but the Egyptians used a differentShow MoreRelatedAncient Egypt and Mondern Society981 Words   |  4 Pageslives was that of Ancient Egypt. Their systems of religion and technological innovation helped not only to leave a permanent impression on the world, but also served to mold both the civilizations that directly followed it as well as society today. The Ancient Egyptian civilization spanned several thousand years and is one of the few societies of the time that came into being independently. â€Å"Egyptian civilization coalesced around 3150 B.C. with the unification of upper and lower Egypt under the firstRead MoreHow Ancient Egyptian Culture Affect Modern Day Society Essay854 Words   |  4 Pages2017 How Does Ancient Egyptian Culture Affect Modern Day Society’s? Ancient Egypt was the first civilization to make use of the sciences, including math and medical uses. Clocks, sports, a twelve month calendar, farming, building are also believed to originate in Ancient Egypt. All of these influences our everyday lives. The Egyptians created a decimal system that used seven different symbols. Mathematical text can be traced back to around 2000 – 1800 BC. By then the Egyptians had a grasp ofRead MoreUsing A Tool Of Stem Innovation1613 Words   |  7 Pagesthe period BC in Ancient Egypt. If it made our life easier with constructing a tuff shed, imagine building the giant pyramids and other great monuments using the lever and ramp. The story that we will embark on is a unique journey in the setting of Northern Africa around ancient BCE-0. Specifically, focusing on Ancient Egypt region which is to be considered by many historians as forefronts of what has led to modern innovations and civilizations. It was during the eras of the Egyptian pyramids thatRead MoreAncient Egypt Civilization : Ancient And Modern Egypt968 Words   |  4 Pages Ancient and Modern Egypt There are some countries that have a large civilization, but how many countries have had a successful civilization throughout its existence? What if there is a country that has a civilization from 7000 years ago that has a rich history, various progresses, cultures, governments, customs, and habits? A lot of its heritage still exists until now, Egypt was one of the most wonderful civilizations in human history. Ancient Egyptians lived around the Nile River, where they foundRead MoreAncient Civilizations1009 Words   |  4 Pages Ancient Civilizations Ancient Civilizations were more pronounced in the Bronze Age. This historical period lies between 4000 to 1200 BCE. Ostensibly, these civilizations were triggered by the onset of irrigations systems, which concomitantly increased food and water supply. Irrigation schemes and availability of food set precedence for people tens of thousands of people to live together in a common geographical location. Cities, states, and centrally developed kingdoms developed. From historicalRead MoreThe Invention Of The Internet Essay1346 Words   |  6 PagesWith the invention of the internet, many things in our life have gotten much easier. No longer do papers have to be solely researched in the library and facts can be looked up in a moment’s notice. As it is said, we have the world at our fingertips. The invention of the internet has brought some negative consequences as well, such as the selling and distribution of illegal ancient artifacts across the world. This distribution is not alway s a bad thing but the sale of fake and looted artifacts canRead MoreHistory And Evolution Of The Modern World922 Words   |  4 Pagesgiven the ability to sustain and eventually assemble what they consider to be modern life. In ancient culture, prehistoric Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures created what they believed to be a civilization. Through extensive use of resource and desire to evolve in humanity, both civilizations succeeded in leaving impact. However, Within Mesopotamian society, the long lasting impact of their inventions continues to provide a benefit to western civilization. Considering their advanced writing systemRead MoreAncient Egypt : The World Civilizations Essay1084 Words   |  5 PagesMr. Shows 7 November 2016 Ancient Egypt Multiple factors go into account when considering that Ancient Egypt is one of the best civilizations of all time. First, the location of Egypt allowed it to prosper; second, the culture was one that the world hadn’t seen until then; third, the architecture that took place baffles scientists to this day; and lastly the impact it had on modern culture. Egypt is located in a prime location for civilization to spring up. Egypt possessed many natural protectiveRead MoreComparing The River Valley Civilizations1509 Words   |  7 Pagesfollowing treatise, the research that will be presented will provide criteria involving similarities and differences in three attributes of life in the four primary river valley civilizations. The river valley civilizations are composed of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. While each of these civilizations is unique in their habits and traditions, they share many similar qualities. For this work to be as comprehensive as possible, the primary focus will be on comparing and analyzing theRead MoreSimilarities Between Mesopotamia And Egypt1199 Words   |  5 PagesThe geographical location was an important factor in many of the ancient civilizations. Where the people settled determined whether they would have success at surviving. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were ancient civilizations f ounded in roughly the same longitude and latitude area of the world. Hot dry areas full of dessert. What drew early civilizations to settle on these locations was the same for both places, land near water that was good for planting. What is different about each location is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Marriage And Family Concepts Relationship Between...

I am going to talk about how marriage and family concepts or relationship in Hinduism and Christianity are influenced by Laws of Manu and Writings of Martin Luther. Martin Luther, a German monk, priest and theologian, is a great reformer in western church history. He focused his study on the necessity for salvation and stated that the rightness of God is the strong faith believers have. His writings hold against the corruption of Catholicism and at the meantime, describe his perspective in the Radical Reformation. The masterpiece called the church to concentrate on the teachings of Bible itself. Law of Manu, complied between 200-400C.E., gives particular descriptions and prescriptions of dharma. It includes the caste system in Hinduism, the four stages of life, the status of women in the society and so on. Because Law of Manu is one of the most important texts of all legal codes in Hinduism, every Brahman has the obligation to read it at least once in his or her lifetime. Instead of ordering readers to do things, Law of Manu serves as a simple instruction by offering possible actions to certain problems and their consequences. Speaking of family and marriage, Law of Manu addresses the duties of husband and wife, the details of a marriage ceremony and the benefits when a proper marriage is conducted. As in Writings of Martin Luther, Luther stresses that marriage and family should be treated with respect and honor in the church and society which was against the common view

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Corporate Governance & Gender Equality-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Corporate Governance and Gender Equality. Answer: Introduction This report seeks to discuss about the gender diversity and the importance of female representation in an organisation. The chosen case study company is BHP Billiton of Australia. BHP Billiton is the multinational company headquartered in Australia. This resource company has operation in metals and mining. Corporate governance is an important aspect of the business of this company. The objective of the company is to develop a harmonious workplace in BHP Billiton. The progress and diversity policy of the company emphasises the increasing number of female representation over the years both in the general level and in the leadership level. Identification of female candidates in the talent panel is the current policy of this company to increase female representation in the entry level. As stated by Sharp et al. (2012), gender equality is achieved, when people get access of equal facilities in a society or workplace irrespective of the gender. Gender gap prevails in the Australian economy. Female workers in Australia earn less compared to men in terms of salary, other benefits such as career growth opportunity, less accumulation in retirement or superannuation savings. However, it can also be seen that men have less access in family friendly policy or parental leave and flexible work arrangement in comparison to the female counterpart (wgea.gov.au 2017). As per the annual report 2016 of BHP Billiton, female representation has increased in this company by 1% in the managerial role and 22% in the senior leadership role from 2015 to 2016 (bhpbilliton.com 2016). In Australia, female representation in the resource industry is less compared to other sectors. Female worker in resource sector is only 13% of total employment, 71% in education sector and 55% in the financial sector. This paper discusses the issues faced by BHP Billiton regarding gender issues in the business and the importance of female representation in this organi sation. Corporate Governance and female representation in BHP Billiton Inclusion and gender diversity in the workplace is the important part of the corporate governance of BHP Billiton. They believe in employee engagement, workplace safety for better productivity. The culture of increasing number of female employment and recognition is the employee diversity policy of the company. BHP Billiton has CEO led inclusion and diversity committee to provide recommendation on developing culturally diversified and efficient employment. Female employee development, enhancing capability of the female employees are vision of the company (bhpbilliton.com 2016). Female employees have flexible work option, positive parental leave provision and securing safety policies in the workplace. During 2016, female representation in the BHP Billiton has increased from 7% in 2015 to 49% in 2016 at the global level and 52% in Australia. Fitzgerald (2016) mentioned that present female workforce in BHP Billiton accounts for only 17.5% of total 28000 work force of this company. At the industry level, this ration is higher compared to other resource company in Australia. Although position of female employees is better compared to industry average, gender gap still prevails in the company. Number of female employees in this company is 4708 in 2016 as compared to 22119 numbers of male during 2016. Female employees in the senior leadership position are 65 during 2015 as compared to 251 male employees in the same year. The ration of number of female employee and male employee among the board members is significantly high that is 3: 7 in 2016. The figure is important as the number of female board members has increased from 2 in 2015 to 3 in 2016, whereas, male members have decreased to 7 in 2016 from 10 in 2015 (bhpbilliton.com 2016). Overall gender gap in the company has decreased from 2015 to 2016, which is positive indica tion towards gender diversity and equality. Importance of female representation in an organisation and required guidelines As stated by Broomhill and Sharp (2012), gender equality and diversity can be achieved in an organisation through equal pay and comparable value, removal of restriction on equal participation of female and male workers in the workplace. Gender equality provides equal occupation and growth opportunity in the company without any discrimination or gender bias. If an organisation achieves gender equality, it can improve productivity of the organisation as well as nation. Female employees can contribute significantly in the organisational growth through their skill and intelligence. Moreover, success of the female employees enhances reputation of the organisation both at national and international level. The analysis is based on the guidelines of Australian government regarding gender discrimination in workplace. Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (Cth) of Australian Government protects female workers from unlawful activities and gender discrimination in workplace (ag.gov.au 2017). Aspects of gender equality in BHP Billiton Being one of the leading names in the mining industry of entire world, BHP Billiton has brought revolutionary changes by adopting gender equality policy. The organization is known for providing equal opportunity to the female and male employees. The organizational management always appreciate and encourage the contribution of their female employees in the organizational function (Avanzi et al. 2017). The authority of BHP Billiton always provides a healthy and peaceful working environment to its female employee. At the same time they have strengthen their organizational rules and regulations to maintain workplace safety for their female employees. They encourage their female representatives to give their best performance to achieve the organizational goal. In this modern era, where the entire world is raising their voice for the gender equality, the organizational leaders of BHP Billiton have tried to implement gender equality in their organization (McPhail and Adams 2016). Although, there are some loopholes in the organizational structure, the organizational management is adopting various innovative strategies to ensure gender equality. It is often evident that female workers face various challenges in the workplace due to gender discrimination. As per the annual report of BHP Billiton, the organizational leaders of BHP Billiton are highly overwhelmed by the participation of the female workers in the organizational activity. As per the report, the organization is incorporating various strategies to stimulate the development of their female workers (de Villiers, Low and Samkin 2014). The organizational management provides various training sessions to their female staff members to enhance their skills and capacity which has stimulated the growth of their performance. The organization is appointing more and more female employees to support the women empowerment. They often provide various counselling sessions to their female employees to motivate them to enhance t heir inner qualities so they can equally contribute for the betterment of the organization. According to reports, woman participation in the organizational function has increased in past few years in significant manner. The organization operates in other countries of the world as well. The contribution of the woman workers in other parts of the world has increased in notable manner. The organization has appreciated the women participation in the leadership level as well. There are many experienced and skilled leaders in BHP Billiton who are equally efficient and contributing to establish a better future for the organization. They have left no stone unturned to achieve the desired goal for the organization. According to the chairman of BHP Billiton the participation of female staffs in the organizational function has enhances the profit margin of the organization and stimulate the talent pool of the organization. However, the organizational management of BHP Billiton must consider so me important factors to maintain gender equality within the organization that has been discussed later. Otherwise, the organizational leaders have made good effort to provide friendly and enthusiastic environment to their female staff members (Garcia et al 2016). Review of the Issues Although, the organizational leaders of BHP Billiton has left no stone unturned to provide a safe and peaceful environment to the female employees of the organization, there are some issues that are being faced by the female employees of BHP Billiton. There are some loopholes in the organizational policy and organizational structure. Gender equality is not properly maintained within the organization. The female workers of the organization are experiencing gender discrimination while working in the organization. Male workers of the organization are availing additional facilities which are unavailable for the female employees, such as- shift timing for work, the wages and so on. It is often evident that the female workers are forced to do overtime after their shift which may causes safety issue for them. It can put negative impact on the organizational development and the performance of the employees (Hope 2015). At the same time, female employees often get low wages than male workers which spread gender discrimination in the organization. The organizational management must consider the fact while designing their organizational structure. According to many reports, Australia is one of the leading names in gender discrimination (Klettner 2016). There are large numbers of woman who are experiencing workplace violence every now and then. Moreover, as per the report they are receiving facilities like their other fellow male workers which has led the country in the leading position for gender discrimination. It has reflected in the organizational structure of BHP Billiton. They have also followed the path of country to some extend and unwilling to understand the real problems that has been faced by the female workers every now and then. The organizational management has ignored various serious issues of female workers without which it is impossible for the organizational management to maintain gender equality in the organization. There are some safety issues for the female workers of the organization. The organizational management has not provided sufficient safety to their female workers (Sealy et al. 2015). They often fa ce various safety and security issues in the organization, such as- physical violence, threat, abuse, molestation. They are often targeted by their fellow workers and local goons and pressure groups. It is the responsibility of BHP Billiton to ensure workplace safety for each of their employees. Otherwise, it is impossible for the organizational management to maintain gender equality in the organization. Moreover, it may put negative impact on the organizational development as female workers are equally contributing for the betterment of the organization and they are considered as equally capable of stimulate the growth of the organization (Mikalsen 2014). Reasons of this issue There are some significant issues that are responsible for the issue of gender inequality in the organization, such as: Lack of effective organizational policy is one of the major reason for which female workers are suffering from workplace violence and other issues within the organization. In order to establish a safe and gender discrimination free workplace, the organizational management needs to strengthen their policy and organizational structure. The organizational management has not made their organizational policy in an efficient manner to ensure workplace safety for the employees (Cane 2014). Lack of social awareness among the organizational leaders and other employees is another major reason for which the female workers of the organization face various difficulties in the workplace. People are not aware of the fact such as gender equality, women empowerment. Due to this they are not willing to provide equal opportunities to the female workers like male staff members. It is the responsibility of the organizational management to make their male workers aware of such factors to maintain gender equality in the organization. Due to lack of workplace violence policy the organizational management is unable to maintain gender discrimination free workplace for their female employees. The workplace violence policy of BHP Billiton is highly weak and the organization does not pay much attention to implement this strategy within the organization which has led the employees to face workplace violence frequently. The organizational management does not punish the accused people who treat their fellow workers badly. It has encouraged such negative practices within the organization (Ross 2016). The organizational management has avoided the safety issue of their women employees. It is one of the major reason for which the female workers of BHP Billiton are facing safety issues in the organization. The organizational management must appoint some security people who can protect their female employees during an awful occurrence. Otherwise, it may spoil the reputation of the organization (Salinas 2013). Recommendations for sustainability The organizational management of BHP Billiton must strengthen their policies and include zero tolerance policy and workplace violence rule in their rule book. They must implement zero tolerance policy in the organization to ensure workplace safety for their employees. They must make sure that all of their employees are aware of these policies and they are avoiding all such practices that can spoil the harmony of the organization. The organizational management must provide training and development programme to their employees to provide them lesson about gender equality, workplace violence and so on. It will be beneficial for the organization to avoid awful occurrences in the organization, as it is important for the male employees to understand the female workers are their fellow workers and they must pay respect to them. The organizational management of BHP Billiton must provide equal facilities to their male and female employees. They must realize that both of their employees are equally efficient and equally important to achieve the organizational goal. The organizational management must provide all the facilities to their female employees like male workers, such as- leaves, friendly shift timing. The organizational leaders must redesign their organizational structure and pay equal wages to their female employees. They must understand that female employees are equally contributing to achieve the organizational goal. The organizational management must make sure that all the employees are obeying workplace violence rule in the organization and avoiding any negative practices. Otherwise they must be punished for their activity. It will be beneficial for the organizational leaders of BHP Billiton to implement their policies accurately. They can smoothly maintain gender equality in their organization by such practices. The organizational management must encourage their female employees to provide efficient service to the organization by appreciating them. The organization must encourage their female employees like male employees. It will beneficial for the organization to maintain gender equality in the organization. The organizational management of BHP Billiton must appoint some responsible security person in the organization who can protect their employees from any awful consequence. It will be helpful for their female employees to work in the organization and to maintain healthy workplace environment Conclusion As per the previous discussion, it can be stated that the organizational management of BHP Billiton is trying to maintain gender equality in their organization. They have encouraged their female employees to enhance their skills and always appreciate their employees for their contribution. However, there are some loopholes in the organizational structure of the organization. The organizational leaders must consider some factors while designing their organizational structure. They must implement some efficient policies to ensure workplace safety for their female employees, such as- zero tolerance policy, workplace violence policy. They must appoint skilled security person to maintain safety and privacy of the organization. It is often evident that organizational management does not provide equal facilities to their female employees. In order to maintain gender equality in the organization, the organizational management must make sure that all the employees are availing equal facilitie s and there is no discrimination in terms of leaves, wages, workload and so on. Reference: ag.gov.au 2017. Australian Government Guidelines on the Recognition of Sex and Gender. Available at: https://www.ag.gov.au/Publications/Documents/AustralianGovernmentGuidelinesontheRecognitionofSexandGender/AustralianGovernmentGuidelinesontheRecognitionofSexandGender.pdf [accessed on 06.13.2017] Avanzi, B., Prez, J.L., Wong, B. and Yamazaki, K., 2017. On optimal joint reflective and refractive dividend strategies in spectrally positive Lvy models.Insurance: Mathematics and Economics,72, pp.148-162. bhpbilliton.com 2016. Corporate Governance 2016. Available at: https://www.bhpbilliton.com/-/media/bhp/documents/investors/annual reports/2016/bhpbillitonannualreport2016_interactive.pdf?la=en [accessed on 06.13.2017] Broomhill, R. and Sharp, R., 2012.Australia's Parental Leave policy and gender equality: An international comparison. Australian Workplace Innovation and Social Research Centre. Cane, I., 2014. Community and company development discourses in mining: the case of gender in Mongolia.Doctorate of Philosophy), University of Queensland, Brisbane. de Villiers, C., Low, M. and Samkin, G., 2014. The institutionalisation of mining company sustainability disclosures.Journal of Cleaner Production,84, pp.51-58. Fitzgerald, B., 2016. BHP chief Andrew Mackenzie wants 50:50 gender split by 2025 Available at: https://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/mining-energy/bhp-chief-andrew-mackenzie--wants-5050-gender-split-by-2025/news-story/e21f0835a39872789019f5d2b7a0aade [accessed on 06.13.2017] Garcia, L.C., Ribeiro, D.B., Oliveira Roque, F., Ochoa?Quintero, J.M. and Laurance, W.F., 2016. Brazil's worst mining disaster: corporations must be compelled to pay the actual environmental costs.Ecological applications. Hope, D., 2015. Partial relinquishment report 2015 EL 24524 20 April 2009 to 19 April 2015. Klettner, A., 2016. Corporate Governance Codes and Gender Diversity: Management-Based Regulation in Action.UNSWLJ,39, p.715. McPhail, K. and Adams, C.A., 2016. Corporate respect for human rights: meaning, scope, and the shifting order of discourse.Accounting, Auditing Accountability Journal,29(4), pp.650-678. Mikalsen, M.F., 2014.Corporate Social Responsibility: A Global Comparative Analysis(Master's thesis, UiT Norges arktiske universitet). Ross, D., 2016. Corporate social responsibility initiatives in Australias mining industry: An applied stakeholder approach. InKey Initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility(pp. 261-278). Springer International Publishing. Salinas, P., 2013. Latin America| Discourses as Control Devices in the Mining Culture: Tensions in the Integration of Women in Chilean Mining.International Journal of Communication,7, p.17. Sealy, R., Turner, C., Pryce, P. and Vinnicombe, S., 2015. Women on Boards: Progress following the 2012 Corporate Governance Code. Sharp, R., Franzway, S., Mills, J. and Gill, J., 2012. Flawed policy, failed politics? Challenging the sexual politics of managing diversity in engineering organizations.Gender, Work Organization,19(6), pp.555-572. wgea.gov.au 2017. About workplace gender equality. Available at: https://www.wgea.gov.au/learn/about-workplace-gender-equality [accessed on 06.13.2017]

Saturday, April 18, 2020

The Struggle of School Right-Brain, Wrong-Brain free essay sample

My name is Gabe, and I have struggled in school since the very beginning when I started. I am writing this because I know there is a way to fix this issue, maybe not by the time I graduate, but there is a way. Right now our school system only teaches in a way that 30% of students can learn effectively. The other 70% of the classroom will compromise, struggle, or fail. Is that really how our education should work? I do not think so; I believe everyone should be taught in a way that they can understand. No one should fail due to something they have no control over. 40% of people are right-brained, meaning they learn in a visual and auditory way. Another 40% are left-brained, they tend to be more logical with their thinking and learn with words and facts. The remaining 20% use both sides of their brain equally, so they can accommodate for both learning strategies. We will write a custom essay sample on The Struggle of School: Right-Brain, Wrong-Brain or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page So what if I told you that the struggling 70% could learn and succeed with just a few ideas, would you listen? Go here to find out what brain type you are: http://similarminds.com/brain.html You start off in preschool where you learn social skills and manners, then you go on to kindergarten to expand on those while also adding on basic skills, and adjusting to a school routine. After that, you continue onto elementary school which teaches you core lessons and gets you into a working habit. After elementary school you go forward to middle school, by this time you are expanding on the main subjects while preparing you for high school. High school determines your future, you do well, you get into a good college, you do poorly, your future might not be so bright. During all this time you are going through school learning in a specific teaching method. Most of the time, the teaching method doesnt even fit your type of thinking. People, who are too far from this method, are on a path that only leads to failure. Sadly, I am talking about mostly those who think in the right-brain fashion. I happen to be one of those kids on this very path, the path that has a hard future made up of the unsuccessful. It’s not my fault either, I am a good kid. I am a Boy Scout, I am part of a Christian youth group called Younglife and I have never touched drugs or alcohol in my life. I never asked to have my type of thinking pattern, but I can’t change it either. The United States education system leans more toward a left-brained way of thinking, meaning there are a lot of essays, note taking and reading. These are all great things to learn and know for the future and in certain areas, but not every class is an English class. Sometimes there are other ways to go about a topic, maybe not all but definitely some. My way of thinking is very visual, I require videos, pictures, hands-on projects and auditory things to learn. For instance, in History class I am given a text book to read and take notes to learn the subject, but in History class the same topic could be shown in a video with a speaker and visuals to explain the exact same things that were in the book. I would get more out of the video just by watching it once, rather than if I read that same topic in the book ten times over again while taking notes. It’s just how my brain works, it doesnt make me stupid compared to the average left-brained thinker and it doesnt make me smarter. In English class, yes taking notes, writing essays and reading books are great, but that is because that is how English is taught. Which I realize that most right-brained kids don’t even want to read this and might not read this just because of the massive word content, but that is just how we think. With our education, I am taught in a way that isnt compatible with my brain. Think of it like phones, where you are trying to get an iPhone to charge using a Galaxy’s charger. You’ll find that it will not charge the phone no matter how many times you stick the charger in the plug. Maybe you can buy an extra part to go on top of the charger that will be able to plug into the phone, but by doing that you lost money and it isnt as efficient as it could be if you just had the right charger in the first place. Different phones need different chargers, just as different people need different education plans, not some replacement help to get us through school and not give us our full potential of learning. To add onto my learning method and how it doesnt work with our school education, I have many, many learning problems. I have enough to fill a book! Yet the worst part about it is, I could have more and not even know it. I was just diagnosed with ADHD this summer! That is RE ALLY late to learn I have a learning issue, a problem that I could have gotten help to allow me to be more successful with school. Have you ever wondered how those kinds of issues are found? Some issues are found early on in life but only if the kid shows major symptoms and a teacher might tell the parents to get the kid tested. Sometimes a parent might just go get the kid tested at a young age to be on the safe side. Which for me, I was lucky to have a parent who noticed early on I struggled in school. My mom had me tested for a couple learning problems, such as memory, dyslexia and ADHD. My tests showed I had an awful working memory, along with short term and long term. Though my brain problems masked my ADHD at that time, so it wasn’t found until recently when my therapist asked me some questions and then I was tested. Most people only learn of their learning problems later in life or never at all. That is just not right for people to find out later in life about a problem that if it got the help it needed, that person could very well have been a better student, got better grades and then been more successful in life. Since the end of my sophomore year, Ive been going to a place called Learning Rx. It is like a second school that works solely to find as many of my brain issues as they can and then start doing â€Å"games† to help my brain fix them. But, it’s not only for kids like me who have mental problems. Anyone can go, it is used to tune and strengthen minds of all ages. Senior citizens can use it to help Alzheimer’s from having such a strong effect. Kids use it to help them in school, and adults use it to keep their mind on its toes. They described the activities as physical therapy for the brain; you train it to make it better. I can’t really describe the type of brain exercise I do there and put them into words, but I’ll do my best. I don’t like to call the work I do there, games, only because they are crazy hard and take a lot of brain power. For me, because my memory is bad I have an exercise where my trainer holds out a card with a certain amou nt of numbers on different areas of the card. There are nine spots on the card for a number to be, three across and three down. There are four numbers on the card each number in a different spot on the card. Let’s say this card has a â€Å"1† in the top row, middle column. An â€Å"8† is in the top row, right column. Then a â€Å"4† is in the middle row, middle column, it’s in the center of the card. Finally, a â€Å"7† is in the bottom, right corner of the card. My trainer will tell me a direction or a pattern to say the numbers; we’ll say an â€Å"S† pattern. I only get to see the card for four seconds, she then flips it over and I have to say the numbers in order on beat of a second per answer. But before I even try to answer the card, my trainer will distract my mind with a question like, â€Å"What did you eat for breakfast?† I would answer and then answer the card. You say the word â€Å"blank† whenever ther e is a spot without a number. So this is what I’d say, â€Å"blank,† then I’d wait one second. â€Å"One,† wait one second to answer again. â€Å"Eight†¦ Blank†¦ Four†¦ Blank†¦ Blank†¦ Blank†¦ Seven.† As easy as that sounds, you’d be wrong to think so. As you get better you are given more numbers, less time to look at the card, and more difficult patterns. When I first went to Learning Rx, I looked around and saw the tests and thought they looked easy and I could do them. I was so, so very wrong. Im lucky to have parents that will spend the money to help train my brain to be better even with my learning problems. Which got me thinking, what if kids were trained like I am at Learning Rx in their early years of school? Their problems would be found, they would be trained to be better even with their problems and they would find out how their learning process works, whether they are left or right-brained or maybe even both. I am going to go back to the phone analogy, imagine a phone that wasn’t made quite right, or developed a glitch. You probably would get it fixed. That way the problem would no longer be an issue and it would work a lot more efficiently compared to before. People are the same way, if your kid had an issue you’d want to find a way around or to fix it and watch them succeed. It doesn’t make your kid any less of a human if they have problems, this may come as a shock, but everyone has problems whether physical, mental or emotional. My mom was telling me how some parents are in denial of their kids having a mental issue because they are afraid their kid will be â€Å"labeled† or teased. They don’t want to put their kid through classed like Special Ed because of this. I hate to break it to those parents, but your kid will be labeled regardless. They will be â€Å"that kid who struggles in school† and will most likely end up in places like study hall or academic workshop. In reality, those are the same exact classes as Special Ed, trust me, I know. I’ve been in Special Ed, Academic Workshop, and Study Hall and they all have a teacher who works to try and help your kid’s needs. You don’t even need mental issues on your student file to get put in those classes. So, their kid is already labeled and in those types of Special Ed classes, whether they accepted the problems or not. Now, as I said, we could fix all of these problems and teach kids in a way they can actually learn , whether left or right-brained, mental issues or no issues. Preschool could work the same, teach social skills and manners. Kindergarten however, while adding onto what preschool taught there would be brain exercises to find the problems and how the kid learns. Even into Elementary school, those same exercises would be carried on. Not only that, but schools could be taught in three sections. For right-brained thinkers, visual learners, a teacher with the same type of thinking would teach the class. The same would go for the left-brained kids, only in a left-brained fashion of teaching. Then, the third group, the both sided brain thinkers would learn in the specific way to help them learn. More kids would succeed, more kids would understand, and more kids would be better prepared for life. Now not all classes would ONLY be for right-brained kids or ONLY be for left-brained, like Art or P.E. and â€Å"elective† classes could be ones they all share. Kind of like how in schools kids have different homeroom teachers, so it’s not like your kids are being separated like it’s a bad thing. Kids already get separated whether it’s different homerooms, or learning levels. Some kinds are in a higher reading class, some are in a less fast pace one, all because that’s the class they need. Right now, I’m not even sure if I am going to make it to college, because I was never taught in a way that could help me. No school treated my needs to help me succeed. I did so badly in my freshmen year of high school, that when I got frustrated and couldnt learn the topics I began to skip class. I mean, why go to class if you’re going to fail no matter what? My sophomore year, I failed English class with a 32% final grade. When I was tested on my reading skills, I averaged in the top 7% percent of my age group. For thirteen years I was well below my age group average, but now I am way beyond it. I had to fix my reading problems on my own, so one day I picked up a book and just began to read, then another, and another, until I was reading almost a book ever two to three days! I obviously am good at reading, I am pretty good at writing, but without the teaching resources, I am going to struggle and maybe even fail.. That scares me, I want to get to college, and I want to get a degree in graphic art to become a video or computer game designer. I want to be successful, but I can’t get there without the help I need. When I went to school I grew up hearing the word stupid as a common word being described for me and how I work. â€Å"Gabe, you’re so stupid,† or, â€Å"Gabe you’re such an idiot.† Both things I heard and still do hear many, many times from other students. The sad part is that because I fail my classes and because I hear things like this, I actually begin to believe it. It wasn’t until just now, as I began to put my thoughts down on the page is where I realized they are wrong, I was wrong. I am NOT stupid! What is stupid, is me failing school because I think a little differently or learn in a way that people can’t help me. My mom would tell me I am smart every time I would get frustrated with school or began to fail another class. My mom would say things like, â€Å"I know you’re smart, if you just did the work you would do better.† Well, that was the motherly advice right? So of course I blew it off. Only now, I realize she wa s right, but the work was also an issue. If I didn’t understand the work in class, I most certainly wouldn’t understand it when I got home. So I blew off the work, failed another class. We are so worried about how the United States is falling behind in education, we are currently ranked 54th in education right now. I see commercials during presidential elections of how they are going to improve education by putting more money into it. Yes, money would help to change it, but maybe we could start fixing it by fixing the education system’s structure more, while we fund it. But, throwing money into an education system that is broken will not fix the issue; you are only making the problem look a little nicer or the problem a little more expensive. So why not give my ideas a try? Help put kids on the paths they deserve to walk on. People are worried that it will cost too much money to fix these issues and to get the resources kids need to learn. When there is never too much money to put into education. The more money we put in, the more we profit in the long run. More people would be successful in life, bringing more money back that can only improve schools more a nd more. It is a circle of benefit, kids learn better, they succeed and then profit to restart the cycle over again. So is this issue going to be fixed? I have no idea. Will people read this and try to stand with me? I have no clue. But if you do, I want you to realize that this is what our education needs. This is what those kids like me, those kids who struggle and need help to put them toward a future of success. I know I’ve said that many times, but I’m tired of failing, watching other kids failing. I am tired of hearing kids call other stupid for things that they can’t control. I am tired of watching kids not being given the tools to help get them to their full potential in life. Maybe you noticed these issues while you were in school, or are noticing it now while you are in school. How do these issues get noticed and fixed? In all honesty, I do not know, but I’m going to start by showing this to parents, posting this online and sending it as a lette r to my city council.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Evidence Based Practice Matrix Essays

Evidence Based Practice Matrix Essays Evidence Based Practice Matrix Essay Evidence Based Practice Matrix Essay Mindsets of nurses regarding competency will take a part in shaping how competent they will be research planned to create greater research 507 Perception of how nurses see manager/lea deer/ vs.. How managers perceive themselves Discrepancies were recognized in how managers/leaders saw themselves in addition to how the staff see them Managers/Leaders ought to partake in evaluations of themselves as seen from their staff perspective. Important info is obtained by observation of how impotency research criteria has been utilized Comments Recriminating, M. , Laboratory, Enormousness, Madrigal Tortes, Stern, D. Frown, Grouper, Autobiographer an, R. , Krieger, A. Parakeets, Floral, A ANA CANAL 2013 2009 325 153 57 Evaluated responses to competency testing in Evidence based practice in based on different levels of nursing experience Comparison of students behaviors related to professional ism during and after a program nurses experiences and its relationship to increa sing competence as they advance in their profession Examined how leaders focused on the proficiency of students Instrument utilized was a success in examining fluctuating degrees of knowledge concerning evidence based practice EBPP is a needed skill to nursing and competence in applying it need to be evaluated on a regular basis Pertinent to topic because instrument existing in undergrad nursing to evaluate competencies Greatest predictor to for-see professional conduct such as complying with competencies was with the program itself Professionalism of nurse can be predicted by how well nurse conformed to nursing Little connection to the topic but show regards when crafting a framework Professional progresses gradually Results implied the nurse was the leader in the process of attaining competencies, even though 5 major phases did appear to be essential to the competence process of development Pertinent to topic as additional method to appraising competencies and crafting instruments to test competencies Nursing leaderships association with technology could be efficient, but leaders need to create Results recommended structural model to utilize for competency testing by the way of Little connection to topic. Very little among assessing competency of individual nursing dents taking online assessments and abiding y by nursing principles Wilson, Carriers. Mosaics subhead, Carols, 15 Assessment of nursing staff in creating proper s for managing client and family relations 108 sees of in productive and efficient communicate ion with patients and families accurate components to the programs

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Behaviour change and sustainability Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Behaviour change and sustainability - Assignment Example In other words, thoughtful and strategic tactics have to be applied to different individual for developing an effective behaviour change. 5. Innovators, early adopters, early majority, late majority, and laggards are the main personality types within the Individual Innovativeness model. Innovators are willing to take risk and devote money and time to execute a new idea, whereas early adopters always tend to be esteemed group leaders. Early majority represents careful individuals unwilling to take initiative or risk time and other resources, while late majority constitutes people who are resistant to any kind of change. Finally, laggards are individuals having consistency in resisting change. Innovators constitute 2.5%, early adopters 13.5%, early majority 34%, late majority 34%, and laggards 16% of the general population. 6. Knowledge, persuasion, decision, implementation, and confirmation are the five steps in the process of diffusion. Under the knowledge phase, a person begins to learn about a new innovation while he develops attitudes through interactions during the persuasion stage. In the decision stage, the person tends to gather additional information and finally arrives at a decision. The individual attempts regular use and seeks more information during the implementation step. Under the confirmation phase, continuation of use is approved or refused on the basis of benefits or drawbacks collected. 7. Employees, line-mangers, and management teams are the major groups in an organisation. With limited resources and time, the apex level management team is most responsive or fertile for beginning the adoption of a change. Organisational studies indicate that top management teams’ support for change is approximately 100% since their outcome expectation is higher. Moreover, management teams would be more concerned with organisational