Monday, January 6, 2020

Effects of War and Organized Violence on Refugees Essay

In the literature about refugees and the effects of displacement upon them, certain themes are unmistakably persistent. Some of those themes could be found in Satrapi’s, Persepolis, and others could not. When Perry-Jenkins, a psychology professor, gave the Dean’s Reader class a supplementary presentation on the psychology of adolescence, she mentioned that psychological studies predominantly take place in the U.S. She also noted that cross-cultural and longitudinal studies are a more recent phenomenon in the psychology field. Perry-Jenkins also explained that most psychological studies are done in the U.S. due to funding reasons, but for whatever other reason, studies outside the U.S. are often done on children first, not adolescence or†¦show more content†¦The pressure parents often put on their children once they are in the host society can leave children feeling guilty if they fail to meet their expectations (Jodecyr). Depression, anxiety about the future, and drug use were also psychological stressors that were mentioned in many other articles, and Satrapi does an excellent job of illustrating these in her memoirs. As mentioned earlier, often the pre-flight stressors a refugee deals with are everlasting. Once a person is a refugee, even if they settle into another country and they are accepted and happy, they will always be a refugee. The many women in Afghanistan living in dislocation camps, described in Emmott’s article, are internally displaced people with nowhere to go and almost no way to make their lives better. This is not necessarily a â€Å"pre-flight† stressor because they have no intention of going outside their country’s boundaries, but the stressors mentioned are those of depression, drug use, a sense of hopelessness, and a loss of freedom as women. Before the wars in Afghanistan began women were able to wear jeans and sleeveless shirts, now they are forced to cover their whole bodies and they have very little power, even though most of their husbands have died. Chiachain and Graham both give examples from women in their articles about the loss of freedom and the oppression they suffered while living in Iran thatShow MoreRelatedU.s. Politics, Citizen Safety, And Economy1390 Words   |  6 PagesS. has been involved in the war on drugs across the U.S. – Mexican border for almost a decade. While the United States has continued to be an active helper in assisting the Mexican government, the level of violence and gang-related deaths are still increasing at an alarming rate. So far, the majority of U.S. involvement has been in the way of money and physical enforcement; both Mexico and our border with them have become heavily militarized in the years since the â€Å"war on drugs† was launched. 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